Areas of advance
The focus areas to conduct research in Estonian Maritime Academy are tightly connected to the taught specialties.
To support the high quality research, we also use the numerous possibilities offered by our Simulator Centre. These include planning optimised and safe journey, testing the suitability of different port structures, pollution response and SAR operations.
Take a look at our Research and development annual report 2016.
Maritime transport includes both, carrying cargo and passengers. Almost 90% of the goods is transported on seas and oceans. The raising demand for maritime transport supports the developments in the field of supply chain management to maintain competitiveness and sustainability. Besides traditional maritime transport, terminal and warehouse services, agency and chartering, etc., also undergo major developments that are all connected to the digitalisation of the maritime sector and need changes in education.
The specialists in EMARA Centre for Maritime Studies have up-to-date knowledge and practical experience that combined allow us to provide research based services to the maritime sector in order to make maritime transportation and port management activities more efficient. To develop that field in Estonian Maritime Academy, a tenure of Maritime Transport is being set up.
The use of small crafts vary from pleasure and cruising to fishing and special works. Globally, it is expected that the small craft market keeps growing in the upcoming years. It is anticipated that novel trends in the shipping industry are being transferred into the small craft business, as well. It is possible, like in the case of bigger vessels, that automatic control becomes the future trend. Consumers expect the small crafts to consume less fuel and be more environmentally friendly than ever before. Therefore, the optimisation of the hull and improvement of ships hydrodynamics is needed in order to make the opration of the ship more efficient. That could be achieved through making the propeller systems more efficient by using computational hydrodynamics and testing.
Marine Engineering curricula, taught in Kuressaare Centre of EMARA, together with the Small Craft Competence Centre contribute to the creation of the basis for internationally recognised small craft building cluster in Estonia. To compete with the mass-production and adapt with strict environmental regulations, it is important to have enough research resources to concentrate on quality and specialisation in the small craft industry. To support achieving the goal and develop a stronger base of technical engineering, a tenure of Naval Architecture was created in 2017.
The Baltic Sea has one of the highest maritime traffic densities in the world, where there is about 2000 ships at any given moment. To save lives of hunans and marine animals, prevent marine pollution and socio-economic damage from happening, as well as deal with different consequences in a more efficient way, it is important for EMARA to deal with different fields supporting the achievement of that. These fields are human factor in shipping, ships' workflow, bridgework and resource management, navigational systems, the development of methods for the prevention of marine pollution and pollution response equipment, waterways' safety management. Besides research in the mentioned fields, EMARA is actively contributing in the development and implementation of maritime legislation and strategic development documents.
Vast developments in the IT-sector have raised the potential and the need for the digitalisation of shipping sector. A major part of the ships' work is carried out on paper. This is about to change as the IT-solutions and e-systems help to gather and distribute the information more easily. E-navigation through electronic charts and information systems, e-documents in the form of certificates and shipping bills and e-ports with real-time information and announcements need updating standards and regulations, as well as changes in management and education.
Autonomous ships have the capability to perform different tasks on the sea, whether it is towing or surveying, carrying goods or passengers. Although the technological capability already exists, the national and international legislation is not ready to adopt unmanned or autonomous vessels. to ensure the safety and security of unmanned or autonomous vessels and make them more economic, this bottleneck needs attention. According to the developments, changes have to be made in the education, as well.
To further develop this field in Estonia, a tenure of Marine Technology was created in 2017.